aztalan-state-park

Conical Mound Precinct
When I.A. Lapham surveyed the site in 1850 there were over 40 mounds in this area. Today only these few remain. When these mounds were excavated by archaeologists in the 1920s they found no burials, which was unexpected. Instead they found a large post set in a pit in the center of the most mounds. The post was surrounded by gravel and soil and the pit capped with a mixture of clay and gravel to steady the post in its foundation. When all mounds were built, you would have seen a row of tall posts set about ten feet above ground surface.
A few of the mounds were reported to have burials excavated by locals in the early 1800s. One mound at the north end of the row, currently located behind the Historical Society's museum, contained the famous "Princess Burial."
There are several theories about the purpose of the large posts. one is that they were marker mounds that marked the site for travelers. Another is that they were used for astronomical observations or to announce events. Yee another theory is that the posts were raised as part of  a harvest or "green corn" ceremony because of their location overlooking the agricultural fields.
Whatever their propose, it is clear that they were sacred and played an integral part of the village ceremonial life. The mounds are still considered sacred by Native Americans today.
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Aztalan State Park, WisconsinAztalan State Park

 

Aztalan was first settled around 900 by a Native American culture known as the Middle Mississippian Tradition..

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